BELÉM, naar overzicht Lisboa e Vale do
Tejo . Stadsdeel van
Lissabon, ten westen van het centrum,
aan de Taag. Vroeger was Belém de koninklijke residentie, nu de
officiële woonplaats van de president. Er zijn enkele musea
(volkskunst, rijtuigen), een klooster, Mosteiro dos Jeronimos
en de Torre de Belém (1515–1521).
Naar uw accommodatie.
When we look at the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos and the Torre de Belém,
what we can see are two monuments bearing testimony to a period that
gave a whole new direction to the course of the world`s history. They
were erected symbolically in Belém, the city`s port, from where, in the
sixteenth century, the caravels and other large ships set sail on the
great voyages of the Portuguese maritime discoveries. Today, now that
both the port and beach have disappeared, the site has become a pleasant
leisure area where Lisbon inhabitants love to go for a stroll and enjoy
the delightful climate of their city.
A small chapel - Santa Maria de Belém - was built here at the behest of
Prince Henry the Navigator on the site where the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos
The monastery was itself commissioned by D. Manuel I, with a
view to its later being used as his own pantheon, and entrusted to the
Order of St. Jerome (Hieronymites). The magnificence of the building
reflects the universalist vision of its founder and the powerful
financial resources that the Portuguese crown enjoyed at that time.
The sixteenth century in Portugal was profoundly connected to the
Discoveries and the Messianic idea of the Empire,
nspiring a unique
style that later came to be known as "Manueline", since it was
developed in the reign of D. Manuel I. The decorative features carved
out of the monastery`s stone (many of which were inspired by the sea)
should be studied carefully for they are perhaps the most stimulating
way of discovering more about this unique contribution that Portugal
made to the art of stonework.
The monument`s original design is the work of the architect Boytac,
its construction began in 1502. This was the initial phase of building
work that was to be continued by other Masters, namely João de Castilho
and, in the middle of the century, Diogo de Torralva.
The most impressive features of the Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, which was
classified as World Heritage in 1983, are the church, cloisters and the
larger monastic rooms.
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